Basic knowledge of disaster prevention (English)
Basic Knowledge of Disaster Prevention（English）
No one can predict when and where a disaster will strike. It is important for everyone to maintain a high awareness of disaster prevention and prepare on a regular basis.
Disaster Prevention Measures at Home
Discuss Disaster Prevention with Your Family
Discussing emergency preparedness with your family members before a disaster occurs can help reduce the damage.
- Allocate roles to each family member
- Check and repair dangerous places inside and outside the house
- Check the means of emergency contact and evacuation sites
- Check emergency supplies and stockpiles
Disaster Prevention inside the House
A little preparedness inside the house can be a great help in the event of an emergency.
- Prevent furniture from falling or tipping over
Put a thin board under furniture to lean it against a wall or a pillar so that it will not fall. Use anti-tipping devices to prevent furniture from tipping over.
- Create a safe space
Put large furniture items together in one room to create a safe space such as a bedroom.
- Secure a means of escape
Avoid placing objects in doorways, such as an entrance, to secure evacuation routes.
Disaster Prevention outside the House
There are many dangers around the home. Stay observant to look for such dangerous places and make necessary repairs or improvements.
Secure roof tiles and antennas.
Reinforce fences and repair cracks in them.
Avoid placing objects, such as flower pots, which are likely to fall.
- Window glass
Put anti-scattering film on windows.
- Liquefied petroleum gas
Chain gas cylinders to a wall to prevent them from tipping over.
Emergency Supplies and Stockpiles
Emergency supplies are the first items you should take with you when you evacuate. Conduct a regular check to keep them ready for use. Particularly, keep a careful eye on the expiration date of food and drinking water, and replace the reserves when the expiration date is approaching.
Prepare cash, bankbooks, seals, drivers’ licenses, and health insurance cards, etc.
- Emergency food supplies
Store hardtack biscuits, canned food, nutritional supplements, dried food, mineral water, water bottles, plastic or paper plates and cups, disposable chopsticks, can openers, and bottle openers etc. For infants, the elderly and the sick, prepare canned or bottled baby food, powdered milk, and retort rice porridge etc. if necessary.
- Portable radio
Prepare plenty of spare batteries.
Prepare one for each family member. Keep spare batteries.
- First-aid kit
Keep adhesive bandages, ointments, bandages, medical and pharmaceutical products, painkillers, fever-reducers, eye-drops, and disinfectants etc. Prepare regularly-taken medicines for people with chronic health problems.
- Other daily necessaries
Prepare clothes (including underclothes, jackets, and socks), work gloves, towels, tissue paper, wet wipes, rain gear, lighters, plastic bags, sanitary napkins, and disposable diapers etc.
Stockpiles are items to be prepared to allow survival for approximately one week before disaster recovery.
Keep canned food, retort food, instant noodles, and instant miso soup etc.
- Drinking and daily-use water
The requirement of drinking-water is estimated at 3 liters per person per day.
The requirement of daily-use water is estimated at 7 liters per person per day.
- Household fuel
Prepare table-top cookers, gas cylinders, cooking pots, kettles, and solid fuels etc.
Prepare sleeping bags, toiletries, rope, and blankets etc.
Make sure you have all the necessary items you need for your personal use.
Voluntary Groups for Disaster Prevention
What Is a Voluntary Group for Disaster Prevention?
Protect our city by ourselves.
When a huge disaster strikes, it may take time for public organizations such as fire-fighters and police to start disaster management and relief activities. The “voluntary group for disaster prevention” is an organization set up for such cases by local citizens to prevent and manage disasters.
Take opportunities such as meetings of a residents’ association to discuss disaster preparedness on a regular basis. Take an active part in the activities of a voluntary group for disaster prevention to increase a sense of solidarity and an awareness of disaster prevention and create a community well-protected against disasters.
Voluntary groups for disaster prevention enhance everyone’s knowledge of disaster prevention and understanding of the necessity and importance of prevention activities.
- Spread knowledge on disaster prevention
Spread knowledge about disaster prevention through emergency drills and lectures so that everyone can gain accurate knowledge about disaster prevention.
- Check the preparedness for disasters in the area
Look for the factors in the area likely to cause or increase damage in case of a disaster. Identify people in need of help in case of an emergency, including the elderly living alone and the disabled.
- Check the safety of homes
Check and maintain the safety measures of each home in case of a disaster.
- Check and maintain the equipment for disaster management
Check and maintain the equipment for disaster management activities including firefighting, first aid, rescue and relief, and evacuation guidance.
- Conduct emergency drills
Implement drills in preparation for disasters on a regular basis to acquire knowledge and techniques necessary for disaster management activities, such as how to use fire extinguishers.
Activities in the Event of a Disaster
Voluntary groups for disaster prevention aim to conduct emergency activities, including the following activities, in the event of a disaster.
- Information team
Collect information about the disaster and properly deliver it to the local residents.
- Firefighting team
Prevent fire from starting and conduct initial firefighting operations.
- Evacuation guidance team
Lead the local residents to evacuation sites.
- Rescue and relief team
Rescue injured people, take them to an aid station, and give them first aid.
- Food and water service
Distribute food and water. Provide food and water services such as emergency kitchens.